Work in this cluster aims to develop institutional and governance innovations that will support the participatory biomass web development to increase web productivity and efficiency and food security. Overarching research questions are: Which policies, institutional settings and governance structures need to be in place to enable efficient and effective value webs? It will analyze policies (incentives, disincentives, trade-offs) and institutions.
WP 6.1 “Governance” provides the institutional mapping of public and private organizations, communities and collective-action organizations; including the role of agricultural research, extension services and farmer organizations; and gender issues. It will develop suggestions for conducive policy frameworks and effective networks of public, private and communitybased institutions; market opportunities; development of farmer entrepreneurship; development of value innovations and of value web business management.
WP 6.2 “Land use effects”: Land in SSA, although not physically scarce, is expected to suffer from pressures due to increased biomass production based on global demands and ‘land grabs’. The work package assesses whether and where expanding biomass production will lead to land use expansion, increase pressure on marginal lands, forests and conservation areas, push food production to marginal lands, and the related institutional challenges.
WP 6.3 “Global biomass utilization”. Even local biomass production is increasingly driven by global demand. Integrating feedback from the demanding to the producing side is therefore crucial to develop demand-based products and achieve efficiency gains in the value webs. The links from African producers to international demand will be strengthened though the identification and development, in close cooperation with the users in the international energy and pharma industry, of demand for (eventually under-utilized) biomass types and qualities. This allows specifically producing the required qualities and increases the opportunities for African biomass on global markets.