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Land Use Effects

Land use effects

Short description:

Even though Sub-Saharan Africa has still vast reserves of land suitable for cultivation, farmland expansion increases the pressure on marginal areas, forests and national parks. WP 6.2 investigates regional changes in land use due to an expansion in biomass production and processing in Ethiopia.

Problem statement:

Even though Sub-Saharan Africa has still vast reserves of land suitable for cultivation, farmland expansion increases the pressure on marginal areas, forests and national parks. Without a substantial increase in area productivity (crop yields) the expansion of biomass production would exacerbate this trend despite beneficial effects on labor markets and incomes.

Objective:

Investigate regional changes in land use due to an expansion in biomass production and processing.

Research questions:

  • To what extent will growing extent and complexity of biomass production lead to an acceleration of land use expansion in the case study regions?
  • Will land use expansion increase pressure on marginal lands, forests and conservation areas?
  • Will food production be pushed to marginal or protected areas?
  • Which challenges will legal and institutional systems in the case study countries face when dealing with the envisioned agricultural expansion scenarios?
  • How is land increasing land scarcity as expressed in rising land prices dealt with in institutional terms?

Methodology:

Research will be carried out in at least two Ethiopian regions and result in comparative studies with a special emphasis on institutional and legal aspects of land use. Besides existing data from official sources, necessary primary data will be obtained in field surveys to be carried out in the study regions of the project’s partner countries. Data will be collected regarding the types of land used for biomass production with a focus on newly cropped land, forms of land use rights, changes in the functioning of land markets, land use prices in different tenure regimes, and privileges and restrictions to access for different population groups.

Countries of field research:

  • Ethiopia

Involved partners:

  • ILR, University of Bonn, Germany
  • EEPRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Investigators:

  • Dr. Arnim Kuhn
    Senior Researcher
    University of Bonn
    Institute for Food and Resource Economics (ILR)
    Email: arnim.kuhn@ilr.uni-bonn.de
  • Prof. Karin Holm-Müller
    University of Bonn
  • Dr. Degnet Abebaw
    Senior Researcher
    Ethiopian Economics Association (EEA)
  • Tsegaw Degaffe
    Junior Researcher
    University of Bonn
    Institute for Food and Resource Economics (ILR)